In Chapter 16 of 16 in his 2011 Capture Your Flag interview, cloud computing technology executive Marc Ferrentino answers how a VP Engineering role compares and contrasts with a CTO role." Ferrentino begins by detailing what each role is not. He notes how early stage company responsibilities may require someone to do both but over time, a VP Engineering becomes more tactical where a Chief Technology Officer becomes more strategic. Ferrentino is Chief Technology Officer (CTO) of cloud computing at BMC Software. Previously, he was Chief Technology Architect (CTA) at Salesforce.com. Previous to Salesforce.com, Ferrentino worked in mobile and Internet startups and at Goldman Sachs. He earned a BSEE in electrical engineering from the University of Michigan.